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(the earliest written Targum yet discovered) makes a very late date for composition highly unlikely.
In many places Job is difficult to translate because of its many unusual words and its style.
This summary of the book of Job provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of Job.
Although most of the book consists of the words of Job and his friends, Job himself was not the author.
We may be sure that the author was an Israelite, since he (not Job or his friends) frequently uses the Israelite covenant name for God (Yahweh; NIV "the Lord"). 1 - 2; ), divine discourses (38:1 -- 42:6) and epilogue (42:7-17) "Lord" occurs a total of 25 times, while in the rest of the book (chs. This unknown author probably had access to a tradition (oral or written) about an ancient righteous man who endured great suffering with remarkable "perseverance" (Jas ; see note there) and without turning against God (see Eze ,20), a tradition he put to use for his own purposes.
While the author preserves much of the archaic and non-Israelite flavor in the language of Job and his friends, he also reveals his own style as a writer of wisdom literature.
Satan acts as an agent provocateur to test whether or not Job’s piety is rooted merely in his prosperity.
But faced with the appalling loss of his possessions, his children, and finally his own health, Job still refuses to curse God.
He had an account of a non-Israelite sage Job (1:1) who probably lived in the second millennium b.c. Like the Hebrew patriarchs, Job lived more than 100 years ().